Sunday, 25 May 2014

Remembrance by Theresa Breslin

Remembrance by Theresa Breslin (Doubleday, 2002)

ISBN 0 385 60204 9

42 chapters; 304 pages

Subjects: World War One, England, France, nurses, pacifism, letters, war poets, young adult fiction (Year 9-12)

 

Synopsis:
This is a story of those who go off to war and those who stay behind. It shows the impact that World War One had on small communities, on the class system in Britain and on the place of women in society.

The story is told through the eyes, lives and experiences of five young people living on opposite sides of the class barrier in a small Scottish village. At the start of the book, in October 1915, they are aged from 14 to 22. On one side are the children of the local shop: John Malcolm, who can’t wait to join the war, his twin Maggie and younger brother Alex, who also manages to sign up despite being well under age. At the “Big House”, Francis struggles to know how far he should follow his pacifist leanings, while his younger sister, Charlotte, wants to trains as a nurse.

You know as a reader that their lives are going to change, and it’s unlikely they will all survive unscathed. As they start to go their different ways, some of the story is told through letters, using a change in font for each letter-writer. This works well except for Francis’ letters which use an italic font that is harder to read.

Theresa Breslin has obviously carried out a huge amount of research to be able to portray such a variety of scenes: a military tribunal hearing, the munitions factory where Maggie works, the hospitals, the front line. There are some moving moments, such as when telegrams get delivered all over the village after a big battle (“up and down the lanes, lots of doors got chapped this afternoon.”)

Extracts from poems of Siegfried Sassoon (Suicide in the trenches and Aftermath) appear at the beginning and end of the book.  

You can read an extract from the book here
"Charlotte has been working at the local cottage hospital but has now been accepted to the military hospital in the city. On her first day a hospital train full of casualties arrives, and despite being already crowded, the hospital must take them. Although she is only 16 and has very little experience she must help in the emergency."
Remembrance
Another cover of the same title

Teachers notes can be found here and here
“Wars aren’t simply about those fighting at the fronts. Wars are also about those
continuing to live in homes from which father and sons, husbands and sweethearts
have gone, some never to return. World War I provided an opportunity for some
women to work out with the home for the first time in their lives, giving them a
sense of independence they might never otherwise have had. It also made people
question the way they lived their lives, the way they expressed themselves and the
way the interacted with other people.”

Questions:
Theresa Breslin herself poses a series of questions for readers of this book on her website. These are some of them:
  • How do you react when the country is swept by war fever? Would you forge the date on your birth certificate and run away from home?
  • What if you don't believe in the senseless slaughter of young men in the name of politics and empire - what do you do when others label you a coward?
  • In a world where women have few rights... would you have the strength to use the opportunity of war to stretch your mind and grasp the possibilities that it opens up? Could you leave the safety of your family and challenge the way the world works?
  • How can love survive in the horrific conditions of loss and bereavement that a world war results in? 
Reviews:
This review in Publishers weekly says the book "starts slowly but ultimately packs a wallop." Another review on the blog Not acting my age (books written for teens) describes it as "a lively way to view a world of nearly a century ago" but wonders if it is more of an adventure story than a truly YA book as (this blogger feels) the characters don't undergo much emotional growth. 

Author’s website
I didn’t know anything about Theresa Breslin before, but her website says she was born and brought up in a small town in Scotland, worked as a mobile librarian, has written over 30 books for children and young adults and won the Carnegie Medal for Whispers in the graveyard (1994) about a dyslexic boy. You can read an interview with her here. I like the bit where she says the most important quality for a writer is "tenacity".

She has said about this book:
"At this time of a new century I thought it was important to write this book. I wanted to show the many and complex aspects of war. The soldier who firmly believes he is doing his duty and is prepared to sacrifice his life to protect his family. The soldier, disillusioned, who feels his very soul is being corrupted by contact with militarism. The girls who went to nurse, wanting to help the war effort or looking for adventure, and finding in some cases a self-fulfilment they never would have had if the war had not occurred. And… the terrible grief of those left behind."
She also has a page that I found very interesting on the research she carried out in libraries, archives, museums, newspapers and private family papers, and in her own visits to the battle sites in France and Belgium. 

Other books you might like:
The role of women in World War One, and the impact that war had on them,was undervalued or unacknowledged for a long time, so it's good to see books like this. Jackie French is another author who has tackled the topic in A rose for the Anzac boys (Harper Collins, 2008). 

Things I didn’t know
I knew that letters from the Front could be censored, and soldiers would try to find ways around the censorship to hint at their whereabouts - perhaps using some kind of riddle, or a phrase that might mean something to the recipient, but I didn't know about the codes they used. At one stage, Francis sends a letter to Maggie which she doesn't fully understand until Alex explains it to her, saying “lots of soldiers send coded messages in their letters. They sometimes use it to tell their families know whereabouts in France they are.” The code might be a nonsense phrase, or words that don’t make sense in the context of their surroundings. For example, “nineteen shillings and nine pence, or rather not” would indicate a word that was 19 lines down and 9 words across. 
Theresa Breslin says in the notes on her research that she found out about this when she was "privileged to be allowed to read through some family papers which contained letters from a young soldier who was killed on the Somme." 

I'd never heard of The Bantams (the battalion that young Alex hopes to join.) At the start of the war, the minimum height requirement for volunteers was 5 ft 3 inches, but many men who were shorter than that still wanted to join up. You can read about them here and here, and this site describes the Canadian Bantams. This 25 second, silent newsreel clip from British Pathé shows a military review of the Bantam Battalion, including (as the notes explain) one "extremely short soldier". 


Bantams
Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3g10942/?co=wwipos


Friday, 9 May 2014

One boy’s war by Lynn Huggins-Cooper; illustrated by Ian Benfold Haywood

One boy’s war by Lynn Huggins-Cooper; illustrated by Ian Benfold Haywood (Frances Lincoln Children’s Books, 2008)

ISBN 978-1-84780-126-5

32 pages with colour illustrations

Subjects: World War One, England, France, family, boy soldiers, picture books (Year 5-8)


Synopsis
The blurb gives an excellent summary:
“It is 1914 and 16-year-old Sydney is bursting to get a crack at the Kaiser. Fired up by the military recruitment campaigns and the brave men going to fight in the Great War, he runs away to enlist, but soon finds himself in a frontline trench where reality - and the rats - begin to bite. Told through Sydney’s optimistic letters home and his journal, this is his honest portrayal of the disillusionment and degradation in the trenches of World War I.”

The Dedication is “for Sydney Dobson” and the Afterword reveals that Sydney was a real young man, born in County Durham in the north of England, who died in the war in Belgium. You can see his a picture of his gravestone on this rather oddly set out website


I have to say I preferred this book to My mother’s eyes: the story of a boy soldier which deals with a very similar topic, although based on an Australian, not an English boy. I found the point of view more convincing, in that all the events were clearly seen or through Sydney’s eyes (“I’m joining up. Ma’s smothering me”.) For example, the spread of the women waving encouragement to the men going up the steps to sign up shows the effect that would have had on him. So does the following page, with the sergeant bellowing at the boys in training.

I like the way that not everything is spelt out. Sydney’s mother reads his first letter against the backdrop of a munitions factory where she must be working now.

I also found very moving the way that the mood of the illustrations changes, from the warm, homely scenes of Durham to the grey scenes in the trenches, and the way that Sydney tries to shield his mother from the true knowledge of what he is going through by self-censoring his letters. On one page he says,” I’d give anything to be back at home.” On the next page he writes, "Dear Ma, don’t believe all the scaremongering in the papers. It’s not too bad.”

The descriptions of the weather and of life in the trenches (trench foot, shell shock, lice, rats) are simple but powerful:

“A shell hit nearby today. It was the strangest thing I've ever seen.
A wall of mud rose up where the shell hit, and surged towards us.
It broke over our heads like a wave, covering us in mud and stones.”

Reviews:
There is a review on Books for Keeps and another one on Kirkus Review

There's even an online review on Youtube whcih shows you the book and pictures. 

Questions:
How old is Sydney at the beginning of the book?
Why does he decide to go off to war? Would this have been an easy or a hard decision? Why was it easy, and what was hard about it?
How old is he at the end of the book?
What happens to his father at the end of the book? What happens to Sydney?

Author’s website
Lynn Huggins-Cooper's blog can be found on An awfully big blog adventure ("the ramblings of a few scattered authors") and she also has a Facebook page which shows you the variety of stuff she writes (over 200 books). 

Info about the illustrator

Other books you might like:
The horses didn’t come home by Pamela Rushby tells the story of two Australian boys who sign up at 16 and go off to serve with the Light Horse.
Charlie and Tommo in Private Peaceful sign up at nearly 16, so does William in My mother’s eyes: the story of a boysoldier, and the boys in War game are very young as well.
“Boy soldiers” by Norman Bilbrough in School Journal, Part 4, No 3, 2008 tells the story of two young soldiers, Stan Stanfield and Len Coley, who fought in World War One.